American Aspects Of HIV
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deﬁciency Syndrome) is one of the dangerous diseases for human life. HIV (Human Immunodeﬁciency virus) is responsible for this fatal disease. A person infected with HIV suﬀers much by gradually losing his immune function. HIV has diﬀerent impacts on diﬀerent countries. American aspects of HIV are quite diﬀerent from the other countries. Currently more than 1.2 million people of the United States of America (USA) are living with HIV. Interesting thing is that, one out 7 HIV infected persons don’t know about their disease. Though the size is small compared to the total population, this is more alarming for the country. Since 659000 people infected with HIV’s have died at the beginning of AIDS/HIV in the USA. The United States of America is the largest national funder for HIV epidemic worldly. But unfortunately it is now facing ongoing HIV epidemic itself. Each year approximately 50000 new people are getting infection. Peoples accessing to HIV prevention are greatly hampered by Stigma and discrimination. The impact of HIV can be found more serious among some groups than others in the USA.
The rate of impact is high among the men who have sex with men (MSM). MSM is a highly aﬀected group in the USA, around 68 percent of new HIV infection is occurred by MSM in 2013. Whereas this rates was too low in 2009. There are some reasons for which HIV transmission occurred among MSM. Some of them are the availability of sexual partner; the number of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is high, having unsafe anal sex. Black or African Americans, Hispanics or Latino, people who have inject drugs (PWID) accounted for 46, 23, 7 percent of all new HIV infection in the year 2013. Young people who are in 13-24 years old accounted for 21 percent in the year 2011. There was a lack of comprehensive plan about HIV in the USA policy until 2010.
A national strategy on HIV/AIDS was created in 2010. This strategy is updated in 2015. The new strategy is reducing HIV infection among the people and increasing the access to care. The US Center for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC) is supporting and funding for HIV prevention. Considering the increasing number of new infection among young peoples, HIV prevention education needs to be adopted through combined approach.