The Chernobyl nuclear disaster occurred in the year 1986 in Ukraine. The power plant exploded and lead to the deaths of approximately 30 people. Today, many people still debate on the real effects of the disaster on the ecosystem and humans. Accordingly, a lot of research needs to be done in order to ascertain the real effects of the disaster.
Facts about the Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster
The nuclear reactor released iodine 131 and cesium 134 and 137. These isotopes are ingested through the air and have long lives. If indeed ingestion takes place, people can develop various complications, the major one being cancer. The people living around the plant were evacuated. However, the authorities took 36 hours to do it. By then, most of the people were complaining of headaches and vomiting. This means that they must have ingested the isotopes.
In addition, the trees in the area turned into a reddish color after the incident. They were eventually destroyed and the authorities buried them in trenches. Today, though there are many animals living around the region, it is still not certain whether the area of incidence is safe for humans and animals as well. It is also not known whether the wind blowing at the point of disaster caused any damages to the people living far from the region. Whereas few cases of health complications have been reported so far, many people live in fear. Some women were advised to abort in order to avoid bearing retarded humans. Those who did not hearken are still afraid that their children could have developmental issues later in life. Moreover, it is not still clear whether people who will inhabit the region many years to come will be safe. As people wait in such anxiety, there are chances of speculations, which will further instill more fear in the society.
Why Research Should Be Done
It is important for comprehensive research to be done about the Chernobyl disaster for two reasons. The first one is to eliminate doubt and fear amongst those who were directly affected by the disaster. If necessary, it is good that such individuals are prepared well enough for possibilities of ill health in the future. Secondly, because of the possibility of establishment of more nuclear plants in the future, it is important that the world learns from it. In other words, measures should be taken to avoid such disasters in the future. Indeed, there is need for world governments to channel more resources towards the research on the Chernobyl disaster.