Adolescent Counseling Theory In Relation To Erikson’s Stages Of Development
There are inadequate therapeutic approaches in the process of working with adolescents. Although there is a narrow framework of experiential evidence, the setting up of a robust therapeutic relationship with adolescent individuals is imperative to nurturing a transformation in their lives. A teenage prerequisites the prospect and innocuous space to express the feelings about being an adolescent. It is always advisable for the therapist to expend a considerable expanse of time building the adolescent’s self-esteem. An adolescent’s counseling relates to Erik Erikson’s stages of psychological development. According to Erikson, an adolescent individual, (13-19 years), faces a developmental conflict referred to as identity versus role confusion.
The onset of puberty during adolescence tips to pristine physical and cognitive capabilities. As a result, added impartiality and self-sufficiency pointers to grander interactions with neighborhoods, schools, communities and the society. During this period, the adolescent is usually concerned with their appearance to other people. They develop accrued confidence in the nature of superego confidence whereby the future sameness and continuity are matched by the uniformity and continuity meaning of oneself. Career promises are adequate evidences to this claim. The capability to settle on an occupational or school identity is an affirmative indicator. As the adolescence develops further on to later stages, the adolescent develops a sense of sexuality identity. In the process of this transition from childhood to adulthood, the adolescents ponder on their purpose and impacts they will have as adults. Primarily, they are pertinent to experience a certain level of role confusion in terms of mixed feelings and ideas concerning particular ways in which they adapt to the society. Consequently, they result to experimenting with diverse behaviors and activities. In this regard, Erickson presumes that most adolescents accomplish a sense of identity of who they are and at the same time determine the bearing of their future life’s destination.
A therapist should, therefore, understand that this stage of identity crisis and role confusion in an adolescent is a crucial developmental stage marking changeover from childhood to adulthood. The passage is of apt necessity because the need for identity in youth has to be met. Therefore, Erikson implies that at this turning point, human development is perceived to have struck a reconciliatory position between the view of what one has come to be and the individual that the society expects them to become.